Energy consumption in the European Union of 27 Member States (EU) remained stable in 2018, according to figures published today by Eurostat. More specifically, primary energy consumption reached 1 376 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), 0.71% less than the previous year, while final energy consumption reached 990 Mtoe, 0.02% more than 2017.
Primary energy consumption measures total domestic energy demand, while final energy consumption refers to what end users actually consume. The difference relates mainly to what the energy sector needs itself and to transformation and distribution losses.
In Cyprus, primal energy consumption remained stable to 2.5 Mtoe between 2017 and 2018 and final energy consumption remained also stable ta 1.9 Mtoe.
The EU has an energy efficiency target of reducing energy consumption by 20% by 2020. The primary energy consumption should amount to no more than 1 312 Mtoe and final energy consumption to no more than 959 Mtoe in 2020, Eurostat recalls.
The EU energy efficiency target for 2030 aims at a primary energy consumption of no more than 1 128 Mtoe and final energy consumption of no more than 846 Mtoe.
In 2018, primary energy consumption in the EU was 4.9% above the efficiency target for 2020 and 22.0% away from the 2030 target. Since 1990, the first year for which data are available, primary energy consumption has fluctuated greatly, with a peak in 2006 (1 511 Mtoe representing a 15.2% gap from the 2020 target) and one of the lowest levels reached in 2014 (1 332 Mtoe representing a 1.5% gap from the 2020 target).
Primary energy consumption in 2018, compared with 2017, increased in 12 of the 27 Member States, remained stable in four and decreased in eleven Member States. Compared to 2017, the highest increase by far was recorded in Estonia (+9%), followed by Latvia (+5%) and Luxembourg (+4%). Among the eleven Member States where primary energy consumption decreased between 2017 and 2018, the largest fall was registered in Belgium (-5%), followed by Greece and Austria (both -3%), Germany and Slovakia (both -2%).
In 2018, final energy consumption in the EU was 3.2% above the efficiency target for 2020 and 17.0% away from the 2030 target. Final energy consumption has fluctuated over the years, with a peak in 2006 (1 046 Mtoe representing a 9.1% gap from the 2020 target) and one of the lowest levels recorded in 2014 (937.5 Mtoe, representing 2.2% below the 2020 target of 959 Mtoe).
Compared to 2017, final energy consumption increased in 15 of the 27 Member States, remained stable in six and decreased in six other member states. The highest increases were recorded in Malta (+6%) followed by Ireland (+5%), Latvia and Luxembourg (both +4%). At the opposite end of the scale, the largest drop was recorded in Greece (-5%), followed by Austria (-3%) and Germany (-1%).